What Were 2 Agreements Of The Yalta Conference15 Apr 2021, by Uncategorized in
The Potsdam conference was held from July to August 1945, which was also attended by Clement Attlee (who had replaced Churchill as Prime Minister) and President Harry S Truman (who represented the United States after Roosevelt`s death).  In Potsdam, the Soviets disputed allegations that they had interfered in the affairs of Romania, Bulgaria and Hungary.  The conference led to (1) Potsdam`s declaration on Japan`s surrender and (2) the Potsdam Agreement on the Soviet annexation of the former Polish territory to the curzon Line and provisions that will be addressed in a possible final treaty to end the Second World War on the annexation of parts of Germany east of the Oder-Neisse line to Poland. and North-East Prussia to the Soviet Union. Four days later, on 27 March, the Office of the Commissioner for Internal Affairs of the Soviet Union (NKVD) arrested 16 Polish opposition politicians invited to participate in the government`s preliminary negotiations.  The arrests were part of an NKVD ploy that took the leaders to Moscow for a subsequent show trial, followed by a conviction of a gulag.   Churchill then argued to Roosevelt that it was “as clear as a pike stick” that Moscow`s tactic was to delay the time to hold free elections “while the Lublin Committee consolidates its power.”  The Polish elections of 16 January 1947 led in 1949 to the official transformation of Poland into a communist state. But as his troops occupied much of Germany and Eastern Europe, Stalin succeeded in effectively ratifying the concessions he had made to Yalta and putting pressure on his advance on Truman and Churchill (replaced by Prime Minister Clement Atlee in the middle of the conference). In March 1946, barely a year after the Yalta Conference, Churchill delivered his famous speech in which he declared that an “iron curtain” had fallen on Eastern Europe, marking the definitive end of cooperation between the Soviet Union and its Western allies and the beginning of the Cold War. However, on the question of Poland`s post-war status, the hostility and mistrust between the United States and the Soviet Union, which would characterize the Cold War, was most evident. Soviet troops already had control of Poland, a pro-communist provisional government had already been formed and Stalin insisted that Russia`s interests be recognized in that nation.